This post will be an introduction to the phenomenon of Bioluminescence. Bioluminescence is the emission of light by living organisms utilizing chemical reactions.
The components of a bioluminescent pathway include a luciferin and a luciferase.Luciferin reacts with oxygen to form oxyluciferin, which emits light as a byproduct, luciferase is an enzyme that catalyzes this reaction, with molecules like ATP serving as co-factors.
Having got the nitty gritties of bioluminescence aside, I think it is time for visual appreciation…
The photograph above is by Phil Hart and can be found here , it shows Noctiluca scintillans bioluminescence in action.
This is a photograph of the Bioluminescent copepod Metridia longa
Original image here.
The aforementioned image, copyright Y.Kito, is a Japanese Firefly Squid (Watasenia scintillans) , truly scintillating, ey?
If you are looking for more bioluminescent eye candy, you may try the gallery here
Please do also look through this Scientific American article
Also do look around on google, this can be a spectacularly enthralling phenomenon.